By Bruce S. Hall
The mobilization of neighborhood rules approximately racial distinction has been very important in producing, and intensifying, civil wars that experience happened because the finish of colonial rule in the entire nations that straddle the southern fringe of the Sahara wilderness. From Sudan to Mauritania, the racial different types deployed in modern conflicts frequently hearken again to an older historical past within which blackness may be equated with slavery and non-blackness with predatory and uncivilized banditry. This e-book lines the advance of arguments approximately race over a interval of greater than 350 years in a single vital position alongside the southern fringe of the Sahara wilderness: the Niger Bend in northern Mali. utilizing Arabic records held in Timbuktu, in addition to neighborhood colonial resources in French and oral interviews, Bruce S. corridor reconstructs an African highbrow historical past of race that lengthy predated colonial conquest, and which has persevered to orient inter-African family ever in view that.
Read Online or Download A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960 (African Studies) PDF
Similar cultural books
Because the Revolution of 1910, Mexican society has passed through a profound transformation, characterised by means of the disempowerment of the landed aristocracy and the increase of a brand new ruling type of plutocrats and politicians; the improvement of a center classification of white-collar pros; and the upward mobility of previously disenfranchised Indians who've develop into city, working-class Mestizos.
Do issues similar to functionality signs, valuation formulation, shopper exams, inventory costs or monetary contracts symbolize an exterior fact? Or do they particularly represent, in a performative model, what they refer to?
The Provoked economic climate tackles this query from a pragmatist attitude, contemplating fiscal truth as a eternally provoked truth. It takes the reader via a chain of various empirical websites – from public administrations to inventory exchanges, from funding banks to advertising amenities and enterprise faculties – with a purpose to discover what might be obvious from the sort of hard perspective. It demonstrates that descriptions of financial gadgets do really produce financial items and that the simulacrum of an fiscal act is certainly a sort of awareness. It additionally exhibits that frightening fiscal truth capacity dealing with sensible assessments during which what must be financial or now not is topic to elaboration and controversy.
This ebook opens paths for empirical research within the social sciences, but in addition for the philosophical renewal of the critique of monetary fact. it will likely be invaluable for college kids and students in social concept, sociology, anthropology, philosophy and economics.
This exciting anthropological examine investigates how the boatmen of Banaras have repositioned themselves in the conventional social association and used their privileged place at the river to contest upper-caste and country domination. the writer examines the evolution of the boatmen group, drawing on numerous assets to light up the cultural politics of social and monetary inequality in modern India.
Gilmore presents new, similar facts on Peristiany's paradigm, "honor and disgrace. " He reexamines basic assumptions approximately Mediterranean team spirit made at the foundation of the unique honor/shame version.
- Shadow and Shelter: The Swamp in Southern Culture
- From Serf to Russian Soldier
- Fernsehaneignung und Alltagsgespräche: Fernsehnutzung aus der Perspektive der Cultural Studies
- Transylvanian Villagers: Three Centuries of Political, Economic, and Ethnic Change
- Women in Europe Between the Wars: Politics, Culture And Society
Additional info for A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960 (African Studies)
13 Two of the clearest examples are Michael Banton, Racial Theories (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987) and Ivan Hannaford, Race: The History of an Idea in the West (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996). 14 David Theo Goldberg, Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993), 41. 15 Focusing on the historicity of race means insisting that there are historically specific “racisms” rather than some singular ahistorical form, and that ideas and practices around race articulate with other social phenomena in different historical contexts.
19 Nirenberg, “Race and the Middle Ages,” 74. 20 Peter Robb, “Introduction: South Asia and the Concept of Race,” in The Concept of Race in South Asia, ed. 23 There is perhaps a danger in subsuming too many things under the single label of race. Would it not be better to rely on context-specific terminology? 24 Closer to the concerns of this book, a number of anthropologists of Mauritania prefer to use the Arabic term “bidan,” which literally means “whites,” to refer to arabophone Mauritanians, rather than invoke the terminology of color and racial difference embedded in the terminology.
I was exposed to a set of moral arguments and idioms about land, resources, social hierarchy, and racial difference that have been very influential on the way I have read my written sources. Although there are different levels of sophistication in the ideas of the people I spoke with in my time in the Niger Bend, it became clear to me that a dichotomy between literate Muslim scholarly voices and those of the illiterate had been misconceived. I learned that many of the ideas and arguments that I encountered in written form had an oral life in the stories and debates of a wider range of people.