A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts, Volume 1: by Kerry Kuehn PDF

By Kerry Kuehn

This ebook offers a chronological advent to the sciences of astronomy and cosmology in accordance with the studying and research of vital choices from vintage texts, equivalent to Ptolemy's "The Almagest," Kepler's "Epitome of Copernican Astronomy," Shapley's "Galaxies" and Lemaitre's "The Primeval Atom."

Each bankruptcy starts with a brief advent via a interpreting choice. conscientiously crafted learn questions draw out key issues within the textual content and concentration the reader's recognition at the author's equipment, research, and conclusions. Numerical and observational workouts on the finish of every bankruptcy attempt the reader's skill to appreciate and follow key suggestions from the text.

"The Heavens and the Earth" is the 1st of 4 volumes in "A Student's advisor throughout the nice Physics Texts." This booklet grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to inspire a severe and circumspect method of average technology, whereas whilst getting ready scholars for complex coursework in physics.

This ebook is especially compatible as a college-level textbook for college students of the traditional sciences, heritage or philosophy. It additionally serves as a textbook for complex high-school scholars, or as a thematically-organized source-book for students and stimulated lay-readers. In learning the vintage medical texts integrated herein, the reader can be drawn towards a life of contemplation.

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Additional resources for A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts, Volume 1: The Heavens and the Earth (Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics)

Example text

For they do not attain the final end, but only come as near to it as their share in the divine principle permits. But the first heaven finds it immediately with a single movement, and the bodies intermediate between the first and last heavens attain it indeed, but at the cost of a multiplicity of movement. As to the difficulty that into the one primary motion is crowded a vast multitude of stars, while of the other stars each has been separately given special movements of its own, there is in the first place this reason for regarding the arrangement as a natural one.

And the sphere holds the same position among solids. For it alone is embraced by a single surface, while rectilinear solids have several. The sphere is among solids what the circle is among plane figures. Further, those who divide bodies into planes and generate them out of planes seem to bear witness to the truth of this. Alone among solids they leave the sphere undivided, as not possessing more than one surface: for the division into surfaces is not just dividing a whole by cutting it into its parts, but division of another fashion into parts different in form.

This governs Saturn’s daily motion around the earth. The stars are affixed to this outermost celestial sphere. (B) Sphere B is connected to sphere A; it rotates once every 30 years about an axis Pecl . This governs Saturn’s longitudinal motion (through the zodiac). (C) Sphere C is connected to sphere B; it rotates about axis χ . This governs Saturn’s anomalous longitudinal progression and retrogression (through the zodiac). 4. 5 Aristotle based his onion-like model of the heavenly spheres on the previous astronomical work of Eudoxus and Callippus.

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