By Paul Lennon
This corpus-based examine of allusions within the British press indicates the variety of ambitions reporters allude to - from Shakespeare to television soaps, from Jane Austen to Hillary Clinton, from hymns to nursery rhymes, proverbs and riddles. It analyzes the linguistic types allusions take and demonstrates how allusions functionality meaningfully in discourse. It explores the character of the historical past cultural and intertextual wisdom allusions call for of readers and units out the processing phases fascinated with realizing an allusion. Allusion is built-in into present theories of oblique language and associated with idioms, wordplay and metaphor.
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Additional info for Allusions in the Press: An Applied Linguistic Study
Communicators start out from the basis of an assumed set of mutual assumptions. Speakers are concerned to make their communicative intentions clear to hearers and to obtain feedback from hearers’ reactions that these intentions have been understood. Hearers know that speakers know they have understood the intention, and in this way by a succession of “I know that you know that I knows” mutual knowledge is built up. Conversation proceeds in steps, and at each point the participants are expecting new contributions to update the current state of mutual knowledge attained.
Austin, found there was often play made with proverbial sayings. Particularly common was allusive blending of two proverbial sayings. An example Ricks gives is “out of the fire into the frying pan – but still, of course, any frying pan in a fire” (Austin 1979: 77). This reverses “out of the frying pan into the fire” by means of lexical permutation, and then tampers with “any port in a storm” by replacing “port” by “frying pan” and “storm” by “fire”. The result is a blending of two separate schemata for the organisation of knowledge.
Without greatly affecting the difficulty of processing. He distinguishes, however, between the on-line process of comprehension and later processes of reflection on figurative language along a temporal continuum, with later processes being conscious rather than unconscious. These processes include “recognition”, or conscious identification of a trope, “interpretation”, which involves conscious working out of the implications or entailments of a trope, and, finally, “appreciation”, which involves aesthetic judgement of the trope.