By Roberta Ulrich
Read Online or Download American Indian Nations from Termination to Restoration, 1953-2006 PDF
Best native american studies books
Examines the range of English in American Indian speech groups.
The picture in Hollywood videos of savage Indians attacking white settlers represents just one facet of a really advanced photograph. in truth sympathetic portrayals of local americans stood along these of adversarial Indians within the silent movies of D. W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille, and flourished in the course of the early Thirties with Hollywood's cycle of pro-Indian adventures.
The ecu explorers who first visited the Northwest Coast of North the USA assumed that the full zone was once nearly untouched wasteland whose occupants used the land in simple terms minimally, looking and collecting shoots, roots, and berries that have been peripheral to a vitamin and tradition considering salmon. Colonizers who the explorers used those claims to justify the displacement of local teams from their lands.
Extra resources for American Indian Nations from Termination to Restoration, 1953-2006
The bia was no help to the tribe. Its ofﬁcials in Washington gave little weight to objections from its own area director in Minneapolis, who opposed rapid Menominee termination. Despite pleas from the Menominees and Wisconsin ofﬁcials, Congress passed the termination bill in 1954, mostly unaware that the tribal vote for termination came after Watkins threatened to prevent the tribe from getting its settlement funds and that the General Council had unanimously reversed its vote a short time later.
Well, I said, they don’t trust the Menominee. They hire white people to run our affairs and that’s the way we have to take it. We don’t have much to say,’ I said. We took him up to Zoar and showed him the old burial grounds. ” The vote was 169 to 5, a small portion of the adult members of the tribe. Opponents of termination said later that most tribal members “chose to be absent” to express their negative reaction to termination. Many authorities have noted that Indians’ failure to vote generally means opposition.
They were thinking long term. ” 22 Breaking the Ties In 1951 the Menominees won a multimillion-dollar settlement from the federal government for mismanagement of the tribe’s rich pine forest during the early years of the twentieth century. Under federal law, the tribe could not automatically collect the money resulting from the lawsuit; Congress had to appropriate funds for payment. 5 million in tribal funds for a three-point program of reservation development. Included in the program were per capita payments of $1,000 to tribal members.