By Bertha P. Dutton
From their emergence within the New global centuries in the past, via their evolution into modern local american citizens, the Apache, Navajo, and Pueblo peoples of the yank southwest have persevered the hardships of a wasteland land and hostilities with those that may usurp it and annihilate their tradition. They now face the problem of protecting an old procedure of ideals and a separate identification whereas coexisting within the smooth global with peoples whose philosophy and lifestyle are very varied. In American Indians of the Southwest, anthropologist Bertha Dutton combines an interdisciplinary strategy with the type of knowledge and information received in basic terms after years of study and adventure to inform us their story.She discusses the background and present prestige of every staff of local southwestern Indians, together with those that not exist or who've merged with different teams. She skillfully courses us in the course of the net of indian prehistory and background, from construction myths and different legends in the course of the improvement of language teams and the construction of the 1st pueblos, to the disruption of local American existence by means of outdoors encroachment and invasion. Her entire account of Indian historical past is coupled with an insightful observation on modern Indian lifestyles and matters, together with tribal governments and their kinfolk with the U.S. federal executive, in addition to monetary and social matters.
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Page xv Preface The objective is to make this book generally readable for students, teachers, and travelers who desire knowledge, understanding, and authoritative information regarding the Southwestern Indians; it is for those who wish to know the basic features of Indian life, but who do not, perhaps, have the time or specialized training to read extensively of these various peoples. ''The changing Indian'' is much more than an often heard phrase these days. The changing Indian is a fact, an almost incomprehensible fact.
These factors tend to keep an individual from deviating from the norm of his culture. Indians are keenly sensitive to being singled out for public disapproval, laughter, or ostracism. They refrain from wrongdoing on the basis of such censure. Even where Christian training has spread to the Indians, the concept of postmortem reward or punishment has made little impression. Rather, they expect imminent and observable justice.
With some peoples the office became that of priest. It would seem that a universal being was generally recognizeda great, sacred omnipotence, one deity yet held as expressing male and female unification or differing manifestations. In general, the omnipotent was believed to occupy a sphere high above that of manjust as most earthly beings view their relationship with deity. Thus, looking aloft, early peoples of the Greater Southwestas in most of Americabeheld the sun; it seemed to appear in the east with each morning's dawn, move in an orderly way across the heavens, and disappear from sight in the west.