By Massimo Poesio, Roland Stuckardt, Yannick Versley
This publication lays out a direction top from the linguistic and cognitive fundamentals, to classical rule-based and computer studying algorithms, to today’s cutting-edge methods, which use complex empirically grounded strategies, computerized wisdom acquisition, and sophisticated linguistic modeling to make a true distinction in real-world functions. Anaphora and coreference answer either consult with the method of linking textual words (and, for this reason, the knowledge hooked up to them) inside in addition to throughout sentence obstacles, and to an analogous discourse referent.
The e-book deals an summary of contemporary examine advances, targeting functional, operational ways and their purposes. partially I (Background), it presents a basic creation, which succinctly summarizes the linguistic, cognitive, and computational foundations of anaphora processing and the main classical rule- and machine-learning-based anaphora answer algorithms. Acknowledging the valuable value of shared assets, half II (Resources) covers annotated corpora, formal review, preprocessing expertise, and off-the-shelf anaphora answer platforms. half III (Algorithms) offers an intensive description of cutting-edge anaphora answer algorithms, overlaying greater desktop studying equipment in addition to recommendations for reaching vital subtasks akin to point out detection and acquisition of appropriate wisdom. half IV (Applications) bargains with a range of vital anaphora and coreference answer purposes, discussing specific eventualities in different domain names and distilling a best-practice version for systematically forthcoming new program instances. within the concluding half V (Outlook), in line with a survey carried out one of the contributing authors, the customers of the examine box of anaphora processing are mentioned, and promising new components of interdisciplinary cooperation and rising program eventualities are identified.
Given the book’s layout, it may be used either as an accompanying textual content for complex lectures in computational linguistics, average language engineering, and desktop technology, and as a reference paintings for study and self sustaining research. It addresses an viewers that incorporates educational researchers, collage teachers, postgraduate scholars, complex undergraduate scholars, business researchers, and software program engineers.
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Extra resources for Anaphora Resolution: Algorithms, Resources, and Applications
We will not be concerned here with this sense of context dependence, but only with expressions that are context dependent in that their interpretation depends on the entities contained in universe of discourse U. 5 For this reason, we will concentrate on nominal anaphoric expressions in this chapter. Noun phrases can play four main types of semantic function: Referring Quantificational Following the terminology used in functional linguistics and natural language generation, we will use the term referring noun phrases to indicate noun phrases that introduce new entities in a discourse, or require a link to previously introduced entities.
2 26 M. 3 The choice of the domain of interpretation also affects the interpretation of nominals by fixing their domain of quantification—the set of objects of the type specified by the nominal complex which are included in the domain of interpretation [24, 97]. 4 The domain of quantification can also be specified by the linguistic context. In the following example, the expression most employees is evaluated with respect to the firm mentioned in the first sentence, whereas the management is interpreted as the management of the firm.
Together, Principles A and B claim that reflexives and pronouns are in complementary distribution. Finally, Principle C states that R-expressions—proper names and nominals—cannot have c-commanding antecedents. Binding theory subsequently underwent numerous revisions to address empirical limitations of the 1981 version. In  the alternative notion of m-command was introduced. In HPSG, an alternative definition of o-command was introduced based on argument structure instead of phrase structure , to account for exceptions to binding theory in so-called picture NPs, as in (37).