National Research Council's The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating PDF

By National Research Council

TRB targeted record 265 - An review of the nationwide road site visitors defense Administration's ranking approach for Rollover Resistance unearths that the static balance issue is an invaluable indicator of a vehicle's propensity to roll over, yet that U.S. govt rankings for brand new vehicles, mild vehicles, and activity application automobiles don't thoroughly replicate changes in rollover resistance proven by way of to be had crash facts. based on the file, the five-star process will be revised to permit greater discrimination between automobiles and comprise effects from highway checks that degree motor vehicle regulate and dealing with features. Following the nationwide street site visitors safeguard Administration's (NHTSA's) issuance of car scores to notify shoppers approximately rollover possibility, Congress asked a TRB learn to guage the appropriateness of the ranking method. motorized vehicle rollovers regarding passenger autos, vehicles, pickup vans, and activity application autos lead to nearly 10,000 deaths and 27,000 severe accidents every year within the usa. NHTSA built a five-star ranking method to notify shoppers in regards to the rollover resistance of passenger vehicles and light-duty passenger automobile vehicles. After completely comparing NHTSA's improvement of the ranking procedure, the committee that performed this examine concurred with the agency's reliance on a static degree of auto balance yet mentioned a few inadequacies of the statistical version used to narrate this static degree to rollover threat. replacement statistical ways would offer a greater approximation of threat. The score process itself used to be chanced on in need of. The tactics used to improve and try out the rankings with shoppers via concentration teams didn't supply credible facts that buyers understood the message concerning the genuine possibility linked to a given automobile. by means of being restricted to just 5 degrees, the process additionally discarded worthwhile info. the information built by way of NHTSA may be subtle to permit shoppers to discriminate greater between automobile types with reference to their rollover adventure.

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Extra info for The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: An Assessment

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2-2. SSF is preferable to other static measures as an indicator of a vehicle’s rollover propensity. 2-3. Dynamic testing is needed to understand the loss-of-control phase of a crash in which driver actions, vehicle design, and such features as stability control are important. The development of one or more appropriate dynamic tests will require complex choices and extensive evaluation of test options. 2-4. Dynamic testing is required to assess the performance of electronic stability control systems and their potential for reducing the likelihood of a loss of control before rollover.

In this region, particularly at its very start where loss of control begins, all vehicle braking, acceleration, and handling characteristics could be important, depending on the control inputs selected by the driver. The driver inputs are limited to three: use of the steering wheel, the brake pedal, and the accelerator pedal. As loss of control progresses from mild to severe (the right section of the middle portion of Figure 2-8), driver inputs and vehicle design parameters become less important.

As noted in Chapter 2, it is the magnitude and duration of the forces on a vehicle—rather than the tripping mechanism—that determine whether rollover occurs. In light of this observation, as well as the practical difficulties involved in distinguishing the two categories of rollover, tripped and untripped rollovers are not addressed separately in the present discussion. Moreover, the SDS data used by NHTSA in developing its rollover probability model and subsequent rating system do not distinguish between the two types of rollovers, and crash data for both types were included in the agency’s statistical analyses.

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